The best way to understand the greatness of nature is to visit national parks around the world. These parks are the only shelters for the world’s most exotic wildlife and cause people to wonder why they have to live in manmade brick houses when true freedom lies in the green world. Protecting the park resources while providing for the community is a difficult balance and National park design goals should consider the preservation of green spaces, reclaiming the lost and damaged ecological system, and transforming park into a site which has a sustainable future.

Below is a list of 10 beautifully designed national parks around the world:

1.WhiteSands National Monuments

Location: New Mexico
Architect: Lyle E. Bennett

White Sands was established as a monument in 1933 by President Herbert Hoover to preserve the dunes, and additional features of scenic, scientific and educational interest.

The monument has the largest collection of fossilized tracks in gypsum in the world, from saber- toothed cats and wooly mammoths to prehistoric camels.

2.Freshkills Park

Location: New York
Architect: James Corner

It is a public park built atop a landfill reclamation project on Staten Island. At about 2200 acres, this is the largest park developed in New York City since the 19th century.

3.Bavarian Forest National Park

Location: Germany
Architect: Josef Shteger

A curious hybrid of a miniature gherkin tower and the Reichstag dome in Berlin, the 44-meter tall ‘tree top walk’ in the lush Bavarian forest national park in Neuschonau, Germany is the world’s tallest tree observation structure. Starting from a 500-meter long wooden ramp out in the forest, visitors will meander their way through the natural habitat eventually finding themselves at the base of a winding walkway supported by a series of vertical glulam columns that create a sort of open-air dome over three giant 38-meter tall fir trees.

Travelers who want to have a look at the amazing natural attractions from a height should go to Germany, to the Bavarian National Park. This nature reserve is the biggest in Europe. A significant part of its area is covered by forests. Here, an unusual wooden tower with a complicated name, Baumwipfelpfad was built among an impenetrable thicket of trees. That’s a complex of wooden bridges and tracks, which ends with a dome, with a spiral staircase. At the top of the dome, which is directed upwards by 25 meters, there is an observation deck.

4.Nieuw Land National Park

Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Architect: Mecanoo

World’s largest man-made nature park is at Nieuw Land in Netherlands. This National Park covers over 29,000 hectares. The new master plan integrates four nature reserves to secure and protect the future of the Park.

5.Mushrif National Park

Location Dubai
Architect Al Ain

The development of the Dubai National Park is a remarkable attempt to protect the ecosystem. Mushrif Central Park is designed by an award-winning garden designer agency based in Dubai. Started in 2004, by Erfan Mirza the agency has since expanded to include both skilled garden designers and craftsmen who can work in a range of environment.

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6.Yongsan Park

Location: Seoul, Korea
Architect: West 8 + IROJE

Based on the concept of healing, the park’s design concept is respect for nature and reclamation of the list of damaged ecological systems. Strategies are healing nature, healing history and healing culture

Saguaro National Park East.

7.National Park of Tērvete

Location: Ukraine

With its wooden sculpture, winding pathways and bridges, National Park of Tērvete is called digital museum of wood crafts.

8.Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado

Architect: ColoradoBuildingWorkshop
Owner: National Park Service
Location: Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado

The new Longs Peak’s toilets explore lightweight prefabricated construction and emerging methods of waste collection to minimize the human footprint in Colorado’s backcountry. The final design solution is a series of prefabricated structural gabion walls. Within the gabions, a series of thin steel plate moment frames triangulate the lateral loads within the structure while stones, collected on-site, are used as ballast. This innovative construction assembly allows for rapid on-site construction (the project was erected in eight days) and an architecture that disappears into the surrounding.

9.Nanchang Red Earth Park 

Location: NANCHANG, CHINA
Architect: SHUISHI

Nanchang Red Earth Park is a natural park mainly characterized with the red desert of the Quaternary Plinthitic Horizon. The site is glutted with vast red soil hills and a large forest of Pinusmassoniana. This design aims to protect the red earth site and establish a heritage park and, along with the ecological strategy, carry out ecological restoration of the site. It will be open to the public in a limited way, so as to give full play to the role of geological science popularization and natural education, facilitating the public to understand the sorrow of the earth and the beauty of nature.

10.Hermit’s Rest, Grand Canyon National Park

Location: Arizona
Architect: Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter

Designed by Mary E.J. Colter, this stone structure was built to resemble the naive efforts of a local prospector, and is a tribute to reclusive 19th-century miner, Louis Boucher. A massive stone fireplace, substantial wood furniture, and Native American textiles impart a natural, homey feel to the place, which serves (now as then) as a travelers’ rest stop. Inside, you’ll find a gift shop, refreshments for sale, and restrooms, all frequently sought after in the Canyon area.

 

https://www.indystar.com/picture-gallery/news/2019/02/15/after-century-trying-indiana-dunes-named-national-park/2883632002/

https://www.archdaily.com/339133/landfill-reclamation-fresh-kills-park-develops-as-a-natural-coastal-buffer-and-parkland-for-staten-island

https://www.archdaily.com/tag/nieuw-land) in the Netherlands

https://dubaitravelator.com/mushrif-park-dubai-timings-location/http://alainholding.ae/redevelopment-commences-at-mushrif-central-park/

https://www.latvia.travel/en/sight/tervete-nature-park

https://www.archdaily.com/923627/nanchang-red-earth-park-shuishi?ad_source=search&ad_medium=search_result_all

https://www.hgtv.com/design/home-styles/national-park-design-style-pictures
Author

Nastaran Razavi graduated in Landscape Architecture at University of Toronto in 2012, worked as an architecture editor and conducted research on projects in architecture to present creative ideas in architecture and interior design fields for Kaazdeco studio. It is my honor as an intern to spread the message of successful architects to current generation of architecture students. It is hoped that innovative ideas in architecture, interior design and landscape architecture improve the quality of space in design.

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