There isn’t anything that can hold people’s attention but a good story. Be it a movie or an ad or a campaign or a struggle or maybe just a good old Facebook post. A story is said to have the magic to connect to one’s mind and engrave the memories deep within. Each one of us remembers the proverbs that were told to us in the form of stories. Let us not forget the time when someone would narrate a story or an experience to give us a clear picture of a situation. A story is a very simple yet powerful tool. If story and storytelling have this magic, ever wondered what would we be witnessing if architecture and storytelling got together? Well, it is not a new concept, neither is it an overused one.

A person who advocates this power of story integrated into architecture is Architect Bernard Tschumi who also edited the famous ‘Form follows Function’ into something like ‘Form follows fiction’. This would give us a fresh perspective where each building would tell the story of the people working there, who own the place or the mere reason why it exists.

Ole Scheeren elaborates on this thought in his famous TED Talk in London which was shot at the TEDGlobal in 2015. He takes us through his journey of narrative space building with examples of some of his best works. You can watch his famous talk on “Why great architecture should tell a story” on

Buildings age over time and turn obsolete; it is the story that they embed that keeps them alive. While narrative architecture could be both tangible and intangible; their influence on the human mind is to be noted. These buildings would tell us stories of achievements, beliefs, evolution, technological advancements, and developments that have taken place over the years. One may draw parallels from a story and recreate it literally through a built form. Also one can design a built form by establishing a timeline and deriving key incidents from the story. A good example of this would be the Jewish Museum in Berlin designed by Daniel Libeskind. The timeline of events and the gist of the horrifying tale of the holocaust is translated into abstract elements that are a crucial part of the design process.

The dull and toned down corridor of the Jewish Museum with metal pieces representing the cries of people is an abstract that take on the journey to the gas chambers during the Holocaust.

Storytelling in architecture can be done in two ways. One would be where a narrative is set up and spaces are designed according to this narrative. This is the case when you are getting a house or an office space designed for you by an architect. The narrative would be based on the user group and the daily activities one might go through. The narrative helps to establish personalization and gives a unique result. The other way of storytelling in architecture would be one where the user group becomes a part of the storyline and learns the story as they move across. For example, in a memorial or museum, the sequence of the spaces and the artifacts takes you through a journey while revealing the story. A timeline is set and the spatial configuration would try to impart the feeling and essence of a past event. Here, multiple facets of the story are revealed based on the observer. Both these narratives impart a storyline and yet are so different.

Why great architecture should tell a story
Image Sources: Jewish Museum, Berlin; Daniel Libeskind. The Memory Void ©PeterChinnock,

When stories unfold through architecture, each built form turns into a living organism; one that has a story to tell to every passerby. The task of an architect is to break down this story to translate them into spatial or design elements and then put them together for the user to apprehend. This task gets challenging as the number of users or viewers increases. The function of the built form would just be a part of this narrative. The fiction that is associated with the design can be out of fantasy like in the case of Disneyland or one that has been taken from real incidents or people like the Jewish Holocaust Museum.

Apart from setting a narrative, every designed object or space has a story of its conception and evolution. But most of the time, it happens such that this story never gets to see the daylight. Since times immemorial, the most common and thriving form of communication was storytelling. The Aesop’s fables or the religious books or stories of the afterlife; all of these are known to people even now in the form of the stories they were passed on. The use of metaphors, idioms, and common proverbs when translated and abstracted into a design can work wonders and create a long-lasting impression in one’s mind.

RTF too has a story to tell; one which brought it to your smartphones and laptops, one which acts as the foundation for this community, and one which works to bring forth a new dimension in architecture.

Reshmy Raphy

Reshmy Raphy has always been a lover of words. Pursuing final year of B.Arch, she is on her path to discover Architectural Journalism. She loves to learn about different cultures and architectural styles, approaches and people. It is this passion that brought her here on RTF.

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