Any growth and development of a community has a direct impact on our environment. With limited available non-renewable resources, architects have become increasingly aware and are focused on achieving green buildings that are environmentally responsible. They judiciously plan from the conceptual stage to the execution stage and also the demolition of buildings to achieve a sustainable building. Thus, a green building aims to increase the efficiency of resources that creates a positive social, economic, and environmental impact.

Here are the 20 highest green rated buildings in the world.

1. Shanghai Tower, China

Year: 2015
Building Type: Mixed Use High Rise
Size: 576000sqm
Rating System: China Green Building Three-Star Rating & LEED Platinum Certification
Architects: Gensler

China’s tallest green skyscraper is built to enhance the vertical community comprising nine zones stacked one above the other. The asymmetrical form of the building is derived to build a lighter structure. Hence, there is a structural twist of 24% to minimize the wind load. The tower also features a spiraling parapet that collects rainwater and is used for the internal air conditioning system.

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Details at Shanghai Tower. ©www.archdaily.com
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Exterior View of Shanghai Tower. ©www.archdaily.com
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View of Shanghai Tower. ©www.archdaily.com

2. Bank of America, New York

Year: 2010
Building Type: Commercial Skyscraper
Size: 2.2million sq ft
Rating System: LEED Platinum
Architects: Cook + Fox Architects

The first high rise commercial building to achieve LEED platinum is designed with the concept of Biophilia which emphasizes people’s connection to nature through the maximum utilization of daylight and fresh air. The use of low e-glass and heat-reflecting ceramic frit curtain walls helps to minimize the heat gain in the building.

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Exterior View of Bank of America Tower. ©www.cookfox.com
Bank of America, New York - Sheet2
View of Bank of America Tower ©www.cookfox.com
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Entrance View at Bank of America Tower. ©www.cookfox.com

3. More London Building

Year:2003
Building Type: Mixed-Use
Size: 60850sqm
Rating System: BREEAM ‘Outstanding’ accreditation.
Architects: Foster + Partners

The building features its envelope with a high-performance zig-zag façade which allows adequate daylight to enter the building and yet provides shade and insulation. The external louvers further help in capturing the bright sunlight which penetrates the building. The “V-shaped” structure opens towards the scenic riverside.

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Exterior View of More London. ©www.fosterandpartners.com
More London Building - Sheet2
Facade Detail at More London. ©www.fosterandpartners.com
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Facade Detail at More London. ©www.fosterandpartners.com

4. Bullitt Centre, Seattle, USA

Year: 2013
Building Type: Office
Size: 50000sft
Rating System: Living Building Certification
Architects: Miller Hull Partnership

The Self- sustainable building produces its renewable energy through the use of photovoltaics that forms the part of the roof.  The building encompasses a treated heavy timber structure with a lifespan of 250 years that helps to keep a constant internal temperature for a longer duration due to its thermal mass.

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Exterior View of Bullitt Center. ©www.archdaily.com
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Interior Staircase View at Bullitt Center. ©www.archdaily.com
Bullitt Centre, Seattle, USA - Sheet3
Side View of Bullitt Center. ©www.archdaily.com

5. The Crystal, London, United Kingdom

Year: 2012
Building Type: Mixed Use, Cultural, Educational Architecture
Size: 75368sft
Rating System: BREEAM outstanding, LEED Platinum
Architects: WilkinsonEyre

The crystal-shaped structure uses six different types of highly insulated glazing of varying transparency to control the solar heat gain and minimize energy use. The play of angles on the façade is prominent in the building, where the outward-facing glazing is given a reflective coating to minimize heat gain and the inward-facing glazing is made transparent to entrench the building with daylight.

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Exterior View of The Crystal. ©www.wilkinsoneyre.com
The Crystal, London, United Kingdom - Sheet2
Interior View of The Crystal. ©www.wilkinsoneyre.com
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View of The Crystal. ©www.wilkinsoneyre.com

6. Clock Shadow Building

Year: 2012
Building Type: Mixed-Use
Size: 28000sft
Rating System: Top Ten Green Project, AIA Committee on the Environment, 2013;
Architects: Continuum Architects + Planners

Developed on a brownfield site, the building takes a path towards sustainability with the use of salvaged materials such as rusted steel panels, cream city brick and weathered wood siding from former pickle vats infused into its exterior design. The building’s energy conservation is further enhanced through its roof garden and stormwater management.

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Exterior Facade of Clock Tower. Source – www.archpaper.com
Clock Shadow Building - Sheet2
Exterior View of Clock Tower. Source – www.archdaily.com
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First Floor Lobby Virew at Clock Tower. Source – www.aiatopten.org

7. Council House 2, Melbourne

Year: 2006
Building Type: Commercial
Size: 12500sqm
Rating System: 6-star Green Star rating by the Green Building Council of Australia.
Architects:DesignInc

Designed to achieve one of the world’s healthiest workspaces with the use of passive energy to reduce power and water consumption by 80 % and 75 % respectively. A healthy environment is attained through 100% of air intake which is filtered outside with 1 complete air change per hour.

Council House 2, Melbourne - Sheet1
Exterior View of Council House 2. ©www.archdaily.com
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Facade Detail of Council House 2. ©www.archdaily.com
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View of Council House 2. ©www.archdaily.com

8. One Angel Square, Manchester, UK

Year: 2012
Building Type: Offices
Size: 328000sft
Rating System: BREEAM Outstanding Rating
Architects: 3DReid

The office space is designed to be flexible to accommodate multiple occupants with varying requirements without excessive refit costs. Underground earth concrete tubes are created to provide heat and cooling for incoming air. Concrete ceilings act as a thermal sponge thereby reducing the energy required for cooling by passively soaking up the heat.

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Exterior View of One Angel Square. ©archdaily.com
One Angel Square, Manchester, UK - Sheet2
Facade Detail of One Angel Square. ©archdaily.com
One Angel Square, Manchester, UK - Sheet3
Interior Atrium View of One Angel Square. ©archdaily.com

9. Olympic House (IOC Headquarters), Lausanne, Switzerland

Year:2019
Building Type: Office
Size: 135000sft
Rating System: LEED V4 Platinum, SNBS Platinum, Minergie P
Architects: 3XN Architects

The dynamic and flexible building is also made sustainable with the use of elements such as green roof and 95% of its material used for construction were reused and recycled from the former administrative building.

Interior Atrium View of One Angel Square. ©archdaily.com - Sheet1
Aerial View of Olympic House. ©www.archdaily.com
Interior Atrium View of One Angel Square. ©archdaily.com - Sheet2
Exterior View of Olympic House. ©www.3xn.com
Interior Atrium View of One Angel Square. ©archdaily.com - Sheet3
View of Unity Staircase. ©www.3xn.com.jpg

10. One Central Park, Sydney, Australia

Year: 2014
Building Type: Mixed Use (Residential + Retail)
Size: 255500sft
Rating System:5-star Green star – ‘Multi-Unit Residential Design v1’ Certified Rating by the Green Building Council of Australia
Architects: Ateliers Jean Nouvel

The 130m high skyscraper encompasses a vertical green wall that covers 50% of the building’s skin.  Indoor and Outdoor loggias were created to protect residents from noise, wind, and sun. The building also features a cantilevered heliostat that helps to direct light rays onto the garden located below.

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Cantilevered Heliostat at One Central Park. ©www.jeannouvel.com
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Exterior View of One Central Park. ©www.jeannouvel.com
One Central Park, Sydney, Australia - Sheet3
Facade Detail of One Central Park. ©www.jeannouvel.com

11. Amherst College Science Centre, Amherst, Massachusetts

Year: 2018
Building Type: Educational
Size: 251000sft
Rating System: AIA COTE Top 10 Recipient
Architects: Payette

The education center was designed to achieve the maximum usage of daylight into the building. The roof of the building is housed with a combination of skylights and photovoltaic panels that provide both natural and artificial light to reinforce its sustainability.

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Exterior View of Amherst College Science Center. ©www.payette.com
Amherst College Science Centre, Amherst, Massachusetts - Sheet2
Interior View of Amherst College Science Center. ©www.payette.com
Amherst College Science Centre, Amherst, Massachusetts - Sheet3
View of Amherst College Science Center. ©www.payette.com

12. Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre, Hyderabad, India

Year: 2004
Building Type: Commercial, Institutional
Size: 20000sft
Rating System: LEED Platinum
Architects: Karan Grover and Associates

The building form responds to its surroundings and its existing topographical conditions. To achieve an energy-efficient building, the roof is designed to accommodate 50 to 60% of its area for vegetation, and the remaining roof space is occupied by photovoltaic cells. The building also features “Waste Water Recycling” by root zone treatment where selected plants purify the water which is further reused for irrigation.

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Aerial View of Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre. ©www.kga.co.in
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Aerial View of Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre. ©www.kga.co.in
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Aerial View of Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre. ©www.kga.co.in

13. Sunshine Coast University Hospital, Queensland, Australia

Year: 2016
Building Type: Health
Size: 160000sqm
Rating System: Six Star Green Star Healthcare v1 Design and As-Built rating.
Architects: Architectus Brisbane and HDR

The hospital design respects the coastal climate and also considers the wellbeing of its patients. The quality of space is enhanced through “Green Spine”, which integrates the central courtyard and an outdoor room.

Sunshine Coast University Hospital, Queensland, Australia - Sheet1
View of Sunshine Coast University Hospital. ©www.hdrinc.com
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Courtyard View at Sunshine Coast University Hospital. ©www.hdrinc.com
Sunshine Coast University Hospital, Queensland, Australia - Sheet3
Exterior View of Sunshine Coast University Hospital. ©www.architectus.com.au

14. Frick Environmental Centre, Pittsburgh

Year: 2016
Building Type: Educational
Size: 15570sft
Rating System: Living Building Certification, LEED Platinum
Architects: Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

Built as a center for experiential environmental education, sustainable building is designed with a process involving various community interactions. The design incorporates “Rain Ravine”, which collects rainwater from the building roof and is reused to attain net zero-waste within the site. It further acts as an aesthetical element where the water is channeled through a series of stones laid in shale pattern during the rainy season.

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View of Frick Environmental Center. ©www.archdaily.com
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Exterior View of Frick Environmental Center. ©www.archdaily.com
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View of Rain Ravine at Frick Environmental Center. ©www.archdaily.com

15. Vancouver Convention Centre, Vancouver, Canada

Year: 2009
Building Type: Public
Size: 12,00,000sft

Built with 40% of the building’s floor plate resting on the sea, there exists a give and take relationship with the marine water body. The foundation with a tiered platform is used to promote the growth of natural shore life. Furthermore, the structure uses seawater for its heating and cooling systems. Other green features include a living roof that hosts various local plants to recover rainwater and attract birds and butterflies.

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View of Vancouver Convention Centre. ©www.mcmparchitects.com
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Aerial View of Vancouver Convention Centre. ©www.archdaily.com
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Exterior View of Vancouver Convention Centre. ©www.mcmparchitects.com

16. Bloomberg London

Year: 2017
Building Type: Office
Size: 102190sqm
Rating System: BREEAM Outstanding rating
Architects: Foster + Partners

The design incorporates a façade with a structural sandstone frame and bronze fins of varying scales. These fins vary in its density across the façade concerning its orientation and exposure to sunlight.

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Exterior View of Bloomberg London. ©www.archdaily.com
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Facade Detail at Bloomberg London. ©www.fosterandpartners.com
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View at Bloomberg London. ©www.fosterandpartners.com

17. COFCO Landmark, Beijing, China

Year: 2018
Building Type: Office
Size: 81,725sqft
Rating System: BREEAM Excellent
Architects: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP

The project features twin towers connected by a central glass atrium with one of its towers located next to Beijing’s historic temple of earth. Visual harmony is created by the reduction of height near the temple side and is incorporated with terrace gardens which helps to control the surface water runoff.

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View of COFCO Landmark. ©www.breeam.com
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Aerial View of COFCO Landmark. ©www. breeam.com
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Exterior View of COFCO Landmark. ©www.breeam.com

18. Bahrain World Trade Centre, Manama

Year:2007
Building type: office+ shopping mall
Floor Area: 121200sqm
Architects: WS Atkins

The building consists of twin towers that are adjoined by three bridges that support 3 wind turbines of 29m diameter each which helps to generate 11 to 15% of its energy needs. The form of the structure takes its inspiration from sails of a ship to enhance the acceleration of airflow towards the turbines.

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Wind Turbine at Bahrain World Trade Centre. ©www.atkinsglobal.com
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Exterior View of Bahrain World Trade Center. ©www.atkinsglobal.com
Bahrain World Trade Centre, Manama - Sheet3
View of Bahrain World Trade Centre. ©www.atkinsglobal.com

19. Manitoba Hydro Place, Canada

Year: 2009
Building Type: Office, Tower
Area: 695250sft
Rating System: LEED Platinum Certified
Architects: KPMB Architects

Designed as two towers that get infused towards its northern end, has its opening towards its southern end with a splay area that houses 3 six storied atria with garden form the lungs of the building. The building also features a 24m tall waterfall which helps to control the humidity of incoming air concerning varying seasons.

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Exterior View of Manitoba Hydro Park. ©www.kpmb.com
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View of atrium at Manitoba Hydro Park. ©www.kpmb.com
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View of South Elevation at Manitoba Hydro Park. ©www.kpmb.com

20. Taipei Financial Center (Taipei 101), Taiwan

Year: 2004
Building Type: Mixed Use, Office, Retail
Area: 374336sqm
Rating System:  LEED-EBOM Platinum
Architects: C.Y. Lee and Partners

A resilient model that is built to withstand earthquakes and typhoons is also energy efficient with its energy consumption being reduced annually by 33.41 million kWh which further adds to the cost savings of more than 2 million US dollars per year.

Taipei Financial Center (Taipei 101), Taiwan - Sheet1
Aerial View of Taipei 101. ©www.cylee.com
Taipei Financial Center (Taipei 101), Taiwan - Sheet2
Entrance View of Taipei 101. ©www.cylee.com
Taipei Financial Center (Taipei 101), Taiwan - Sheet3
Facade View of Taipei 101. ©www.cylee.com
Pavana Rao A
Author

Pavana Rao A is an Architect and an Urban Designer by profession who values the concept of people-centric designs. With a mindset to broaden her horizon, she also aims to explore and express the field of Architecture through the medium of writing. 

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