Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina. Buenos Aires combines faded European grandeur with Latin passion. Buenos Aires is one of Latin America’s most important ports and most populous cities, as well as the national centre of commerce, industry, politics, culture, and technology. According to tradition, Spanish colonizer Pedro de Mendoza established the first settlement there, which he named Nuestra Señora Santa María del Buen Aires. Buenos Aires locals are referred to as porteños because so many of the city’s inhabitants historically arrived by boat from Europe. Having little colonial architecture and few landmark buildings, Buenos Aires is chiefly a city of distinctive neighborhoods that have their own meeting places, generally coffeehouses or bars.

1. Recoleta Cemetery

The Recoleta Cemetery is located in the exclusive neighborhood of Recoleta, which owes its name to the monastery of the Recoletos monks, which also belonged to the neighboring Basilica Nuestra Señora del Pilar. Considered one of the most unusual cemeteries in the world, built in 1822 as the city’s first public cemetery and its layout is the work of the French engineer Prospero Catelin. Then, towards the end of the 19th century, when the wealthiest families began to move towards this area of the city, it became their favorite graveyard.

2. El Caminito,

“Little walkway” or “little path” in Spanish, El Caminito is a street museum and a traditional alley, located in La Boca, a neighborhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is a street museum of colourful painted houses typical of the immigrant dwellings that came to characterize this portside area towards the end of the 19th and start of the 20th century.

3. The Sunday fair in San Telmo

Also known as, The Feria de San Telmo is one of the most notable and popular events that take place in Buenos Aires. Nestled in one of the oldest neighborhoods in Buenos Aires, the San Telmo Fair is bustling with unique artisans and antiques every Sunday. Besides the architecturally beautiful neighborhood which it calls home, are its exclusive goods and reliable nature.

4. The Water Company Palace

The building was designed as a water pumping station in 1877 by Swedish Argentine architect Carlos Nyströmer, and completed in 1894. It was commissioned, in part, to replace the unsightly water tower on Lorea Plaza. The freshwater tank with the capacity of 72 million liters hides behind its magnificent, richly decorated facades with elegant mansards. It was built for the needs of the growing city in the late nineteenth century. The building today functions as an administrative centre for the city water company, but it also houses a small, quirky museum with a collection of tiles, faucets, and old toilets, bidets and pipes.

5. Teatro Colón

It is considered one of the ten best opera houses in the world by National Geographic, and is acoustically considered to be amongst the five best concert venues in the world. Inaugurated on the 25th of May in 1908, it had a significant impact and is considered one of the most emblematic historical monuments of the country. The seven-floor theatre has an eclectic look and can seat 25,000 spectators. Since its opening in 1908, it has featured performances by major figures in opera and is thought to have the best acoustics in the world.

6. National Congress building

Designed by the Italian architect Vittorio Meano and completed by Argentine architect Julio Dormal, the building was under construction between 1898 and 1906. This neoclassical building is home to the two houses of the Argentine legislature – the senate and the chamber of deputies. The building is made largely from limestone, with 80m-high bronze plated dome – one of the largest in the city, and allegorical statues designed by Argentine sculptor Lola Mora.

7. Metropolitan Cathedral

Facing the Plaza de Mayo, the Metropolitan Cathedral is the Catholic Church’s main site in Argentina, and is where Pope Francis, as Archbishop Jorge Bergoglio, used to perform mass before assuming office in the Vatican in 2013. In Bergoglio’s honour, the Cathedral now houses the Pope Francis Museum, which exhibits some of his personal and liturgical objects. The Building’s façade is more reminiscent of a Greek temple perhaps than a Catholic church. The twelve Neo-Classical columns at the front represent the twelve apostles of Christ, supporting a triangular frontispiece.

8. La Boca

La Boca is alive with music, brimming with laughter and pulsating with tango beats. The area retains a strong European flavor, with many of its early settlers originating from the Italian city of Genoa. La Boca is a popular destination for tourists visiting Argentina, with its colorful houses and Pedestrian Street, the Caminito, where tango artists perform and tango-related memorabilia is sold. Other attractions include the La Ribera theatre, many tango clubs and Italian taverns.

9. Puerto Madero

Puerto Madero, also known within the urban planning community as the Puerto Madero Waterfront, is a district of the Argentine capital at Buenos Aires, occupying a significant portion of the Río de la Plata riverbank and representing the latest architectural trends in the city of Buenos Aires.

10. Palermo

Palermo is a neighborhood, or barrio of the Argentine capital Buenos Aires. The sub-neighborhood of Palermo Viejo is home to dozens of restaurants, bars, nightclubs and shops, along with the city’s largest selection of boutique hotels. Here people can shop, sit in gardens and visit art museums.

11. Micro Centro

The area is composed of an area of approximately 60 blocks that are full of offices, shops and banks. The Microcenter is not part of the 48 officially recognized Buenos Aires neighborhoods and therefore has no established limits; its location overlaps approximately with the neighborhood of San Nicolás and part of those of Monserrat and Retiro. The Microcentro area north of Plaza de Mayo, the characteristic financial center of Argentina where the parent companies of the main banks and the Stock Exchange are located, is traditionally dubbed “La City Porteña “.

12. Plaza De Mayo

The Plaza de Mayo is a city square and main foundational site of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It was formed in 1884 after the demolition of the Recova building. The Plaza de Mayo is as fundamental to Argentine political history as La Boca and homesick immigrants are to tango. The square is a political hub, financial and administrative center and throughout history has been a symbol of disaster, rebellion and hope.

13. Obelisco

On Avenida 9 De Julio The Obelisco de Buenos Aires or The Obelisk of Buenos Aires is a national historic monument and icon of Buenos Aires. Located in the Plaza de la República in the intersection of avenues Corrientes and 9 de Julio, it was erected in 1936 to commemorate the quadricentennial of the first foundation of the city. It was designed by architect Alberto Prebisch at the request of the mayor Mariano de Vedia y Mitre.

14. Puente de la Mujer

It is of the cantilever spar cable-stayed bridge type and is also a swing bridge, but somewhat unusual in its asymmetrical arrangement. It has a single mast with cables suspending a portion of the bridge which rotates 90 degrees in order to allow water traffic to pass. When it swings to allow watercraft passage, the far end comes to a resting point on a stabilizing pylon. Designed by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava on a plan very similar to a 250-metre bridge over the Guadalquivir River in Seville, Spain.

15. El Ateneo Bookshop

El Ateneo Grand Splendid is a bookshop in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 2008, The Guardian placed it as the second most beautiful bookshop in the world. The building originally housed the theater Teatro Grand Splendid, designed by architects Pero and Torres Armengol in 1919. After years of popular shows, including performances by the famous tango singers Carlos Gardel and Ignacio Corsini, the Grand Splendid was converted into a movie theater in the late ’20’s, featuring some of the first sound movies shown in Argentina.

Samanata Kumar
Author

Samanata Kumar, is a young interior designer, driven by keen interest for Architectural heritage and culture. Her curiousity includes parameters of architecture and design,photography, travelling, writing, roller skating and air rifle shooting for leisure. Her latest focus includes gaining knowledge in development of housing typologies around the world, space psychology and conspiracies in architecture.

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